Learn All About Corneal Transplant Surgery And Its Categories

Is your vision blurry or cloudy with the addition of pain and strain on your eyes? If yes, you must immediately visit the eye specialist to learn about your problem and how it can be treated?

There are around 10.6 million people who have coronial blindness, which makes the corneal transplant an effective technique to restore vision. Any Eye Hospital In Punjab would suggest you the right course for your treatment.

But before that, you must have some basic idea about corneal transplants.

What Is Corneal Transplant?

Best Eye Doctors in Punjab remove all the damaged cornea tissue in this procedure from the outmost layer of the eye (known as the cornea) that acts as a protection from dust, germs, and hazardous UV lights and then replace it with a healthy one. It is basically done to reduce the pain and restore vision in the patients. Corneal transplant surgery has very minimal risk complications and a higher success rate.

Who Can Be The Candidate Of Corneal Transplant?

Anyone who has a damaged cornea and is suffering from cloudy vision and pain in the eyes is recommended for a corneal transplant. Other than the stated symptoms, some other noticeable conditions could be treated by keratoplasty (corneal transplant) surgery.

  • Futch Dystrophy- a hereditary eye condition.
  • Complications that have emerged due to prior eye surgery
  • Tearing and thinning of the cornea
  • Corneal ulcers
  • When the cornea bulges outwards, which is known as Keratoconus.
  • Swelling of cornea
  • Scars on the cornea.

What Are The Categories Of Corneal Transplant?

There are three types of corneal transplant or Keratoplasty available in India:

  • Penetrating Keratoplasty

Developed more than 100 years ago, Penetrating Keratoplasty is a surgery done by a small circular blade to manually extract the damaged tissue of the cornea and replaced by a healthy donor which resembles the same size. It is also referred to as full-thickness transplantation and is recommended to patients suffering from severe corneal scarring, bulging, or damage.

  • Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty

When the middle and the outer layer of the cornea is damaged, but the inner layer is healthy, you would be suggested to go for Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty surgery. The doctor injects air that separates them to lift the inner layer from the outer and middle layer. After the separation, the surgeon replaced the damaged layer with a healthy one. The inner later is untouched, so it takes less healing time with no complications. It is also known as partial thickness corneal transplant.

  • Endothelial Keratoplasty

When the cornea’s inner layer is damaged, the doctor would advise you to go for Endothelial Keratoplasty, unlike Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty, where the outer and middle layer is damaged. The inner layer comprises Descemet’s membrane(a thin tissue). There are two types of Endothelial Keratoplasty:

  1. Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK)
  2. Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK)

For all Intents And Purposes

Mitra Eye Hospital is a trustworthy hospital that could treat your eye condition with the help of skilled experts that performs the procedure with updated technology.

Leave a Reply