Our world is full of challenges like climate change, environmental degradation and COVID-19. In addition, declining economic growth, income inequality and other economic problems exist in different parts of the world. Innovative technologies are important to overcome these common human challenges.
We are in the midst of a technological revolution called the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which will fundamentally change the way we live, work and connect with each other. As the founder and co-founder of the World Economic Forum, Professor Glass Swope described the first industrial revolution as mechanizing the production of water and steam, the second for large-scale use of electricity, and the third for automation. Using information technology.
In this fourth revolution, technologies will blur the lines between physics and digital, supported by IoT, AI, 5G communications and other advanced technologies.
These technologies have the potential to solve the challenges facing mankind, so as to create a happier and more prosperous society with greater freedom. For example, AI-based predictions of COVID-19 play an important role in preventing the spread of infection in various countries. The use of human resources and logistics supply and adaptive mechanisms around the world can reduce environmental impact and realize efficient economic distribution of people, goods, and information. Because robots perform simple and dangerous tasks, people can spend more free time on security.
Japan aims to achieve a person-centered community called “Community 5.0”, where high integration of cyberspace and space can promote economic development and solve social problems. We believe that the profile of the communities described is consistent with the philosophy of the Global Technological Leadership Summit (GTGS).
Free data flow. To maximize the benefits of the digital economy, we need to highlight the potential of data, which requires an environment in which data can be safely retrieved based on trust. In January 2019, at the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum, Japan proposed to the world the concept of “Data Free Flow with Trust (DFFT)”. Since then, the importance of TFT has been reaffirmed and discussed, including in the G7 and G20 countries and the OECD meetings.
In recent years, Japan has agreed digital policies in international agreements to implement DFFT. Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTBP) (a trade agreement to come into force in 2018), a digital agreement between Japan and the United States of America (US-Japan Digital Commodities Agreement) in 2019 and Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Japan Macroeconomic Community and The Regional Comprehensive Economic Community (RCEP) Agreement will promote free data flow by 2020, including other countries in the region.
The commonality of these policies is that they combine free data flows with confidence-building measures such as personal information, online consumer protection, and cyber security measures. Japan has shown that balancing free data flow and trust is the foundation of data distribution across borders. In the future, Japan will seek to create global data flow policies based on DFFT, based on the launch of the World Trade Organization’s joint report on e-commerce and the re-evaluation of the need for a free data flow regime. In Japan-EU EPA.
As a supporter of DFFT, Japan will continue to promote policies for safe and reliable data transfer at the borders of countries that share our values.
Design and implement dynamic management. In today’s era of rapid technological and social change, it is important to redesign the traditional, sustainable management framework and focus on a more flexible approach based on “proactive management”. Active governance is a tool to help citizens, institutions and policy makers participate in the development of a new model of public administration for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, a white released in 2018 by WEF in collaboration with Japan and WEF’s Global Future Future Has been mentioned in the letter. Council Management. These models ensure that policies are friendly, people-centered, inclusive and consistent.
The concept continues to receive support. The 2019 G20 Ministerial Meeting for Business and Digital Economy emphasized the need for “personality innovation” aimed at an active and flexible policy class. The Agreement on “Active Countries” was established in 2020 to increase international cooperation in active governance. In March, Japan released its report on formulating an approach to proactive management.
The “regulatory sandbox” is a practical management practice initiated in many countries, including Japan. The regulatory sandbox is a framework in which companies are allowed to perform for some time without being subject to existing regulations, and with a limited number of participants in cases where the implementation of new technology business models is difficult under current regulations . The knowledge gained from these demonstrations is used to change the words. One aspect of the sandbox control system in Japan is that it targets a wide range of fields without limiting the performance objective.
For example, in the field of drug development, the reliability of data is directly confirmed by people about which medical test data were obtained from which medical records. Recently, a demonstration using the sandbox method using sophisticated blockchain technology confirmed the reliability of a technique that electronically records documents in development directly into the system, without the need for human intervention. In data falsification. As a result, it has produced significant results, including the commercialization of the organization of the business operator conducting the demonstration.
Instead of using traditional rules to block innovative techniques, this method of reviewing policies through performance tests is a mechanism for the practice of active management. By working together to improve management flexibility and share the knowledge gained, countries can reap the benefits that digital technology can bring to the world.
At a time when the world is facing common challenges represented by COVID-19, climate change, environmental degradation and increasing diversity, re-sharing awareness of issues and values ??for nations, sharing data and It is important to establish new governance as a prosperous and independent community of technology around the world.
In this context, the launch of the Global Technology Leadership Summit is important as various stakeholders around the world exchange perspectives on technology management. We hope that such a discussion will play an important role in shaping future world policies.
Japan hopes to share more and more knowledge and experience and contribute to the better future that the world community wants to achieve.